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What is tubal ligation?

Want to make sure pregnancy is not in your future? Tubal ligation (sometimes called sterilization, female sterilization, or “getting your tubes tied”) is a safe and effective surgical procedure that permanently prevents pregnancy.

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How does tubal sterilization work?

Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure that permanently closes or blocks your fallopian tubes. Every month, an egg leaves one of your ovaries (called ovulation). The egg moves through one of your fallopian tubes for a few days, waiting for sperm to come fertilize it. Pregnancy happens if a sperm cell meets up with one of your eggs, and the fertilized egg implants in your uterus.

When the fallopian tubes are blocked after a tubal ligation, sperm can't get to an egg and cause pregnancy. Tubal ligation is sometimes known as sterilization, female sterilization or “getting your tubes tied.” There are a few different types of sterilization procedures.

You still get your period after tubal ligation — you just can’t get pregnant.

Is sterilization right for me?

Most people who have ovaries and fallopian tubes can safely get sterilized. Your doctor will talk with you about your health to make sure sterilization is right for you. You should only get sterilized if you’re totally sure you don’t want to be able to have kids for the rest of your life.

Sterilization may not be a good choice for you if:

  • There’s any chance you’ll want to get pregnant in the future.

  • You’re being pressured by your partner, friends, or family.

  • You hope sterilization will solve problems that may be temporary — like marriage or sexual issues, short-term mental or physical illnesses, or money problems.

Does sterilization protect against STDs?

Nope. Tubal ligation won’t protect you or your partners from sexually transmitted infections. Use condoms to help lower your chances of getting or spreading STDs.

Sterilization

  • 99% effective

  • Costs up to $6,000, but can be $0

  • Surgical procedure

  • Do it once, lasts forever

Sterilization doesn’t protect you from STDs. Use a condom to help stop STDs.
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