There are over 100 types of HPV and HPV is so common that nearly all sexually active men and women get it at some point in their lives.
Some kinds of HPV cause health problems including genital warts and cancers.
What is the vaccine?
The HPV vaccine protects you against the 9 types responsible for 90% of cervical and anal cancer cases, along with 90% of genital warts cases.
The vaccine is given in a series of 3 shots over the course of 6 months. It is important to complete all 3 shots of the series.
Who should receive the vaccine?
The HPV vaccine is recommended for all people aged 9-26.
No matter who you are and how old you are, talk with a health care provider to find out if the HPV vaccine could benefit you or your child.
How can I avoid HPV and the health problems it can cause?
Get vaccinated. HPV vaccines are safe and effective. They can protect males and females against diseases (including cancers) caused by HPV when given in the recommended age groups. HPV vaccines are given in three shots over six months; it is important to get all three doses.
Get screened for cervical cancer. Routine screening for women aged 21 to 65 years old can prevent cervical cancer.
If you are sexually active: Use latex condoms the right way every time you have sex.