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What is PID? Is it an STD?

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of a woman’s internal reproductive system that can lead to infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pain, especially if untreated. It’s not a sexually transmitted infection, but it’s often caused by untreated sexually transmitted infections — most commonly, gonorrhea and chlamydia. That’s one of the reasons routine gynecological checkups are important for sexually active women.

Only a health care provider can diagnose PID, but some common symptoms include

  • fever and chills
  • nausea and vomiting
  • pain during intercourse
  • pain in the lower abdomen
  • spotting and pain between periods or during urination
  • unusually long or painful periods and unusual vaginal discharge

Latex and female condoms greatly reduce the risk of getting the infections commonly associated with PID.

Tags: pelvic inflammatory disease, PID, STDs