Go to Content Go to Navigation Go to Navigation Go to Site Search Homepage

Testicular cancer can happen in one or both testicles, and can affect people of any age. If it’s caught early, testicular cancer is treatable and usually curable.

What’s testicular cancer?

The testicles are the parts of your body that produce the hormone testosterone and sperm cells. Testicular cancer is a type of cancer that attacks one or both testicles. If left untreated, testicular cancer can spread to other parts of your body.

How common is testicular cancer?

Testicular cancer isn’t very common — only about 1 in every 263 people with testicles will have it in their lifetime. Most people with testicular cancer are diagnosed in their 20s or 30s, so it usually affects younger people. It’s possible to get testicular cancer at a younger or older age, but it’s not as common.

Am I at risk for testicular cancer?

There are some things that can potentially increase your risk of developing testicular cancer, but most people who have testicular cancer don’t have any risk factors. We don’t know exactly what causes testicular cancer, but you’re more at risk of having it if you:

  • Have a family history of testicular cancer

  • Have an undescended testicle

  • Have had testicular cancer before

  • Are between 20 and 34 years old

  • Have HIV/AIDS

How do I protect myself from testicular cancer?

We don’t know what causes testicular cancer. Most people who have testicular cancer don’t have any risk factors, so there isn’t much that can be done to prevent it.

If you notice any bumps or lumps in or around your testicles, have a nurse or doctor take a look. You can get a testicular exam at your local Planned Parenthood health center.

More questions from patients:

What causes testicular cancer?

We don’t know exactly what causes testicular cancer. Most people who have testicular cancer don’t have any risk factors, so there isn’t much that can be done to prevent it.

However, there are some things that may increase your risk of developing testicular cancer. You may be more likely to get testicular cancer if you:

  • Have a family history of testicular cancer

  • Have an undescended testicle

  • Have had testicular cancer before

  • Are between 15-39 years old

  • Have HIV/AIDS

If you have risk factors or are otherwise worried about getting testicular cancer, talk to your doctor or nurse about your concerns.

If you notice any symptoms, have a nurse or doctor take a look. You also can get a testicular exam at your local Planned Parenthood health center.

Was this page helpful?
You’re the best! Thanks for your feedback.
Thanks for your feedback.

Got Questions? Chat with an Expert.

Chat online to get answers about pregnancy, birth control, emergency contraception, STDs, and abortion.

Chat Now

Planned Parenthood cares about your data privacy. We and our third-party vendors use cookies and other tools to collect, store, monitor, and analyze information about your interaction with our site to improve performance, analyze your use of our sites and assist in our marketing efforts. You may opt out of the use of these cookies and other tools at any time by visiting Cookie Settings. By clicking “Allow All Cookies” you consent to our collection and use of such data, and our Terms of Use. For more information, see our Privacy Notice.

Cookie Settings

Planned Parenthood cares about your data privacy. We and our third-party vendors, use cookies, pixels, and other tracking technologies to collect, store, monitor, and process certain information about you when you access and use our services, read our emails, or otherwise engage with us. The information collected might relate to you, your preferences, or your device. We use that information to make the site work, analyze performance and traffic on our website, to provide a more personalized web experience, and assist in our marketing efforts. We also share information with our social media, advertising, and analytics partners. You can change your default settings according to your preference. You cannot opt-out of required cookies when utilizing our site; this includes necessary cookies that help our site to function (such as remembering your cookie preference settings). For more information, please see our Privacy Notice.

Marketing

On

We use online advertising to promote our mission and help constituents find our services. Marketing pixels help us measure the success of our campaigns.

Performance

On

We use qualitative data to learn about your user experience and improve our products and services.