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Planned Parenthood

Parental Consent and Notification Laws

Parental Consent

If you’re younger than 18, you might be able to get an abortion without telling anyone. But some states require you to get permission from your parents, a guardian, or an older relative to have an abortion. Other states don’t require you to get permission, but you do have to let a parent or guardian know that you’re getting an abortion.

The exact rules are different in different places. Find your state below for information on parental involvement in your state.

Most states that require a parent or guardian’s involvement have a rule that says a judge can excuse you from getting them involved. That’s called judicial bypass.

You’re not alone. If you’re pregnant and want to have an abortion, call your nearest Planned Parenthood health center as soon as possible. They can help guide you through the judicial bypass process, or give you tips on talking with your parents.

It’s important to take action right away. While abortion is very safe, the longer you wait, the more risks you may face. Plus, some states have time limits on abortion, and if you’re choosing judicial bypass, you’ll need time to get through the process.
 

Alabama
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Alaska
No parental involvement requirement.

Arizona
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Arkansas
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

California
No parental involvement requirement.

Colorado
Your state requires that one of your parents be told of your decision 48 hours before your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement. If you do not live with your parents, but you live with a grandparent, or an adult aunt or uncle, the adult relative you live with may be told in place of your parents.

Connecticut
No parental involvement requirement.

Delaware
If you are under 16, your state requires that one of your parents, a grandparent or a mental health professional be told of your decision 24 hours before your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

District of Columbia (Washington, D.C.)
No parental involvement requirement.

Florida
Your state requires that one of your parents be told of your decision 48 hours before your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Georgia
Your state requires that one of your parents be told of your decision 24 hours before your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Hawaii
No parental involvement requirement.

Idaho
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Illinois
Your state requires that one of your parents, a step-parent living in the household, or a grandparent be told of your decision 48 hours before your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Indiana
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Iowa
Your state requires that one of your parents or a grandparent be told of your decision 48 hours before your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Kansas
Your state requires that both of your parents give permission for your abortion. If your parents are separated or divorced, only the parent with custody needs to give permission. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Kentucky
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Louisiana
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Maine
No parental involvement requirement.

Maryland
Your state requires that one of your parents be told of your decision before your abortion, unless you do not live with either parent and a reasonable effort to give notice is unsuccessful. A doctor can excuse you from this requirement.

Massachusetts
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Michigan
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Minnesota
Your state requires that both of your parents be told of your decision 48 hours before your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Mississippi
Your state requires that both of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement. If your parents are separated or divorced, only the parent with primary custody must consent.

Missouri
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Montana
If you are under 16, your state requires that one of your parents be told of your decision 48 hours before your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Nebraska
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Nevada
No parental involvement requirement.

New Hampshire
Your state requires that one of your parents be told of your decision 48 hours before your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

New Jersey
No parental involvement requirement.

New Mexico
No parental involvement requirement.

New York
No parental involvement requirement.

North Carolina
Your state requires that one of your parents, or a grandparent with whom you have lived for at least six months immediately preceding the abortion, give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

North Dakota
Your state requires that both of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Ohio
Your state requires that a parent, a step-parent, grandparent, or sibling age 21 or older give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Oklahoma
Your state requires that one of your parents be told of your decision at least 48 hours before the abortion takes place, and give permission for the abortion. A judge can excuse you from these requirements.

Oregon
No parental involvement requirement.

Pennsylvania
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Rhode Island
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

South Carolina
If you are under 17, your state requires that one of your parents or a grandparent give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

South Dakota
Your state requires that one of your parents be told of your decision 48 hours before your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Tennessee
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Texas
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion, and separately that one parent be told of your decision 48 hours before the abortion takes place. A judge from your county (or a neighboring county, if fewer than 10,000 people live in your county) can excuse you from both of these requirements.

Utah
Your state requires that one of your parents give permission for your abortion, and separately that one parent be told of your decision 24 hours before the abortion takes place. A judge can excuse you from the first requirement (permission), but not the second (that a parent be told). You can, however, be excused from the second requirement if you have only one parent and that parent has abused you, and your doctor reports that abuse to the appropriate authorities. You can also be excused from this requirement if your parent has failed to take responsibility for your care.

Vermont
No parental involvement requirement.

Virginia
Your state requires that one of your parents or a grandparent or adult sibling with whom you live give permission for your abortion, and separately that one parent or a grandparent or adult sibling with whom you live be told of your decision 24 hours before the abortion takes place. A judge can excuse you from both of these requirements.

Washington
No parental involvement requirement.

West Virginia
Your state requires that one of your parents be told of your decision 24 hours before your abortion. A judge or a doctor, other than the doctor who will perform the abortion, can excuse you from this requirement.

Wisconsin
Your state requires that one of your parents; a foster parent; a grandparent; or an aunt, uncle, or sibling who is at least 25 years old give permission for your abortion. A judge can excuse you from this requirement.

Wyoming
Your state requires that one of your parents be told of your decision 48 hours before your abortion and give permission for the abortion. A judge can excuse you from these requirements.

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Parental Consent and Notification Laws