Go to Content Go to Navigation Go to Navigation Go to Site Search Homepage

Vaginismus is a condition where the muscles around your vagina spontaneously tighten, making any kind of contact or touch inside of your vagina feel extremely uncomfortable or even painful. Many people can experience it while having penis-in-vagina sex, inserting a tampon, inserting a sex toy, inserting a finger, or getting a pelvic exam. If you're having symptoms like pain or discomfort often during these activities it's possible that vaginismus could be the cause.

Knowing whether you have vaginismus means paying attention to your body and your symptoms. Are you feeling extreme tightness or a sensation like the muscles inside your vagina are clamping down when you attempt to have sex or put a finger or tampon into your vagina? 

To find out if you have vaginismus you can book an appointment with a nurse or doctor, like the staff at your nearest Planned Parenthood health center. At the appointment, they’ll likely ask about your symptoms and health history, do a thorough exam (to your comfort level), rule out other possible causes, and help you decide the best treatment options. 

It’s important to know that vaginismus can be cured. Treatment of vaginismus can include kegel exercises, topical treatments (creams and ointments applied to your skin), pelvic floor physical therapy, sex therapy, vaginal dilators, and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). All of these treatments help relax your vaginal muscles and stop spasms. 

Vaginismus affects everyone differently, and the causes vary. Childbirth trauma and injuries, such as ones caused by birth complications, vaginal tearing, emergency c-section, use of forceps, or not having a childbirth experience that was expected, can lead to vaginismus. Sexual trauma, stress, anxiety, or fear may also cause vaginismus. Remember, you're not alone on this journey, and there is support to help you cure vaginismus.



This website uses cookies

Planned Parenthood cares about your data privacy. We and our third-party vendors use cookies and other tools to collect, store, monitor, and analyze information about your interaction with our site to improve performance, analyze your use of our sites and assist in our marketing efforts. You may opt out of the use of these cookies and other tools at any time by visiting Cookie Settings. By clicking “Allow All Cookies” you consent to our collection and use of such data, and our Terms of Use. For more information, see our Privacy Notice.

Cookie Settings

Planned Parenthood cares about your data privacy. We and our third-party vendors, use cookies, pixels, and other tracking technologies to collect, store, monitor, and process certain information about you when you access and use our services, read our emails, or otherwise engage with us. The information collected might relate to you, your preferences, or your device. We use that information to make the site work, analyze performance and traffic on our website, to provide a more personalized web experience, and assist in our marketing efforts. We also share information with our social media, advertising, and analytics partners. You can change your default settings according to your preference. You cannot opt-out of required cookies when utilizing our site; this includes necessary cookies that help our site to function (such as remembering your cookie preference settings). For more information, please see our Privacy Notice.



We use online advertising to promote our mission and help constituents find our services. Marketing pixels help us measure the success of our campaigns.



We use qualitative data, including session replay, to learn about your user experience and improve our products and services.



We use web analytics to help us understand user engagement with our website, trends, and overall reach of our products.