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Early detection is key to preventing cervical cancer.

Pap Smears and HPV tests are kinds of cervical cancer screening. Women get routine screening to help them avoid getting cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is the second-most common type of cancer among women worldwide. Cervical cancer is caused by a common sexually transmitted infection, human papilloma virus (HPV).

About one in four women will get the types of HPV that are related to cervical cancer in her lifetime. But, today, only one out of 1,000 women who contracts cancer-related HPV will develop full-blown cervical cancer. This is because many women know how to prevent cervical cancer by having regular Pap tests, regularly using condoms, and, when appropriate, getting HPV tests.

If you have questions about your risks for cervical cancer, what you can do to prevent cervical cancer, and whether you should get a Pap test or HPV test, we have answers.