Planned Parenthood

Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota

1973 - 1981

1973
In Roe v. Wade, and its companion case Doe v. Bolton, the US Supreme Court recognizes that the decision to terminate a pregnancy is for a woman to make, not government or politicians.  Roe vs. Wade recognizes the right to privacy under the US Constitution, and rules that this right to privacy includes the right of a woman to decide whether and when to have children, and the right of a woman and her doctor to make that decision free of government interference.

Rochester lawsuit by parents results in a “list” of minors PPM cannot serve.

Planned Parenthood Minnesota opens its Willmar clinic and an outreach office in Bagley.

Population Research Center opens.

1974
The Willmar clinic closes, a new clinic is opened in Hastings, and outreach offices are established in Warren, Hallock, Karlstad, Greenbush, Roseau, and Red Lake.

1975
The Willmar clinic reopens.  Planned Parenthood's Bemidji and Austin offices begin providing clinical services and the Hastings clinic closes.

Planned Parenthood’s Nurse Practitioner Training Program is established.

1976
Congress adopts the first Hyde Amendment, which prohibits the use of federal Medicaid funds to provide abortions to low-income women.

Planned Parenthood purchases its Highland Park building, which serves as a clinic as well as the state headquarters.  Outreach offices are established in Mora, Aitkin, and Pine River.
 
Planned Parenthood's Board of Directors votes to begin offering abortion services and picketing of the Highland Park office and clinic begins.

1977
A revised Hyde amendment is passed that allows states to deny Medicaid funding for abortions, except in the cases of rape, incest, or “severe and long-lasting” damage to the woman’s physical health.

In January, Planned Parenthood Minnesota begins providing abortion services.  Fund for Choice is created, which for three years offers subsidies for abortions for poor women.

On Ash Wednesday, the Highland Park building is firebombed.  Abortion services are moved to the offices of Dr. Mildred Hanson.

Outreach offices are opened in Warroad and Blackduck.

1978
Minnesota creates the Family Planning Special Projects (FPSP) program to fund family planning for low income women in Minnesota.  The law includes a “Gag Rule,” which states that no organization that performs, refers or counsels on abortion may receive FPSP funding, unless they are a hospital or HMO.   Planned Parenthood Minnesota challenges the law in federal court under the equal protection clause, arguing it is unconstitutional because it treats hospitals and HMOs differently from other organizations.

Faye Wattleton is named President of Planned Parenthood Federation of America.

1979
Outreach offices are closed in Red Lake Falls, Hallock, Roseau, Warroad, Karlstad, and Greenbush.  Outreach offices are opened in Long Prairie, McGrath, and McGregor.

1980
US Federal Court upholds Planned Parenthood’s challenge to the “Gag Rule” on FPSP funds, making Planned Parenthood eligible to receive state family planning funding.

Planned Parenthood begins offering clinic services in Albert Lea.  Outreach offices in Bagley, Kelliher, Baudette, Warren, and Blackduck are closed.

The Highland clinic begins its vasectomy program.

1981
The Minnesota legislature passes a Parental Notification Law, which requires that both biological parents of a minor be notified at least 48 hours before she has an abortion.  Anticipating that the law might be challenged in court, the legislature includes a substitute “judicial bypass provision” which allows a minor who does not want to notify her parent to petition the court.  The court can allow the abortion if it determines that the minor is capable of making the decision on her own, or if it concludes that the minor will be at risk by notifying her parents.  Planned Parenthood Minnesota sues the state in Hodgson v. Minnesota, saying the law poses an undue burden on the minor and is an infringement on her privacy.  A day before the law goes into effect, the Court enjoins the notification part of the law, putting the judicial bypass into effect.

Planned Parenthood Minnesota begins offering clinic services in Owatonna.

Title X funding is cut, and Planned Parenthood Minnesota closes 43 outreach offices across the state to focus limited resources on providing clinical services in greater Minnesota.

Planned Parenthood Minnesota's outreach office is evicted from Le Sueur County Courthouse.

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1973 - 1981