Planned Parenthood

Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota

1953 - 1972

1953
Alfred Kinsey’s Sexual Behavior in the Human Female reports that 9 out of 10 premarital pregnancies end in abortion and 22 percent of married women have had an abortion while married.

1960
The Food and Drug Administration approves distribution of the Enovid contraceptive pill, manufactured by G.D. Searle, and for the first time birth control pills become available to women across America. 

1963
Planned Parenthood St. Paul opens a clinic in the Selby-Dale area of St. Paul.

1965
In Griswold v. Connecticut, the US Supreme court strikes down the Connecticut law banning married people from getting contraception, saying the law infringes on their right to privacy. Griswold makes birth control legal for married people everywhere in the United States as a privacy right. The Comstock Law is repealed. The Minnesota legislature legalizes birth control.

Planned Parenthood St. Paul opens a clinic on the west side of St. Paul. The Boards of Directors of the Minneapolis and St. Paul Planned Parenthoods form a joint project to create the Planned Parenthood of Minnesota project.

1966
Planned Parenthood of St. Paul provides services through a mobile unit to the St Paul Park Roosevelt Housing Project. The mobile unit is sold in 1969 because it is too expensive to operate.

1968
Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life incorporates.

1970 
Title X of the Public Health Service Act is signed into law by President Nixon. Title X is America’s major program to reduce unintended pregnancy by providing contraceptive and related reproductive health care services to low income women. Title X is the only federal program dedicated solely to funding family planning. 

Alaska, Hawaii, New York and Washington liberalize their state abortion laws, making abortion available at the request of a woman and her doctor.

1971
Minneapolis and St. Paul Planned Parenthoods merge with Planned Parenthood Minnesota, and Minnesota’s statewide Planned Parenthood organization is created.

Planned Parenthood Minnesota receives its first Title X Grant, and uses the funds to open birth control clinics and outreach offices in greater Minnesota. Rochester and Mankato clinics are opened, and outreach offices are opened in Bemidji, Albert Lea, Red Wing, Grand Rapids, Walker, Austin, Pine River, Park Rapids, Northfield/Faribault and Owatonna.

National poll shows that over half of Americans favor legalizing abortion.

Minnesota Dr. Jane Hodgson is convicted for performing an in-hospital abortion. She is the only US physician ever convicted for this reason.

1972
In Eisenstadt v. Baird, the U.S. Supreme Court establishes that the right to privacy extends to individuals and establishes the rights of unmarried people to use contraceptives.

Planned Parenthood Minnesota merges with Family Planning Clinics of St Louis County, Inc, which includes clinics in Duluth and Virginia.  The Brainerd clinic opens. Outreach offices are opened in Hibbing, Fairmont, Northome, Kelliher, Deer River, International Falls, Big Falls, Big Fork, Baudette, Little Falls, Thief River and Staples.

Minnesota Legislature passes the Health Care to Minors Act.

St. Louis County initiates reimbursement for family planning services in Virginia (Range Family Planning).

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1953 - 1972