What are the types of birth control available?
There are three categories of birth control: behavioral, barriers, and hormonal.
Behavior: Abstinence, which is a choice someone makes to avoid oral, vaginal, and anal sex, is the only 100% guarantee of pregnancy prevention. Practicing abstinence can start or end at any point in an individual’s life or relationship. People who have already had sex can still practice abstinence.
Barriers: Male condoms, female condoms, some Intrauterine Devices (IUDs)
Hormonal: The pill, Ortho Evra (the Patch), Nuva Ring, Depo Provera (the shot), Nexplanon (the implant), some Intrauterine Devices (IUDs).
Learn more about these forms of birth control. How does hormonal birth control work in a woman’s body? Hormonal birth control works by preventing ovulation (the release of an egg during the monthly cycle), thickening the mucus around the cervix (making it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus and reach any eggs that have been released), and sometimes affecting the actual lining of the uterus (making it difficult for an egg to attach to the wall of the uterus).