What Kinds of Tests Are Used to Diagnose Female Infertility?
Diagnosing infertility may take several months, so donít get discouraged if you do not receive an answer quickly. Testing for infertility usually begins with a health care provider doing a physical exam and asking about your medical history.
The physical exam is similar to a regular pelvic exam. Your provider may use an ultrasound to look at your ovaries and uterus. You may also have blood tests to check your hormones. You may need a few blood tests over the course of one menstrual cycle.
Your health care provider may ask you to try to track your ovulation patterns by taking your temperature, checking your cervical mucus, or using home ovulation tests. Ovulation tests are available in most drug stores.
A special test might be done to see if the fallopian tubes are open. For this test ó called a hysterosalpingogram (HSG) ó the woman is on an exam table. A tube is put into the cervix. A special dye is then pushed through the tube. An x-ray machine is used to see the dye. The provider watches to see it move through the uterus and through the fallopian tubes. This is how you can tell if the tubes are open.
In some cases, minor surgeries are done to take a look inside the body. Special tools are used to check fallopian tubes, ovaries, and the uterus. This helps to find problems like fibroids that might interfere with a pregnancy.