What Are the Types of Vasectomy?
There are different ways for men to be sterilized. One type does not require an incision a cut. The other types of vasectomy require an incision. Incision methods take about 20 minutes. The no-incision method takes less time.
Usually, a local anesthetic is injected into the pelvic area. Then, the doctor makes an incision on each side of the scrotum to reach each vas deferens the tubes that carry sperm. Sometimes a single incision is made in the center. Each tube is blocked. In most procedures, a small section of each tube is removed. Tubes may be tied off or blocked with surgical clips. Or, they may be closed using an instrument with an electrical current.
With the no-incision ("no-scalpel") method, the skin of the scrotum is not cut. One tiny puncture is made to reach both tubes. The tubes are then tied off, cauterized, or blocked. The tiny puncture heals quickly. No stitches are needed, and no scarring takes place.
The no-scalpel method reduces bleeding and decreases the possibility of infection, bruising, and other complications.